A Bouquet of Roses with Lamps
In 1876 a Russian engineer P.N. Yablochkov patented in Paris an electric bulb. The invention got the name “Russian Light”. The first electric lanterns appeared in Moscow in 1880. They illuminated Petrovskie Lines, restaurant "Yar", the Ryazan Railway Station, the "Hermitage" Garden and the area of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. In 1883 the Kremlin and Ivan the Great Bell Tower were illuminated by the electric light. That year the popular scientific magazine "Electricity" wrote:«We were informed of the following details of the Moscow illumination. The Ivan the Great Bell Tower together with the Assumption part and the Filaret Annex were covered at the full height of 3 500 with Edison electric bulbs. Outside the Kremlin wall along the river 8 big and 30 small "sun" machines were placed. The locomobiles and dynamo electric machines were placed beyond the Moskva River at Gustav List's mechanical factory in two spacious sheds. Seventy isolated wires went from sheds to the Ivan the Great Bell Tower, suspended on columns». After the festivities many Muscovites began to submit requests to the governor to arrange electric light in their houses, and the first illuminated street was Tverskaya”. In 1896 the "Electricity" magazine entertained its public with the story of illumination of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower and the Kremlin during Nikolay II Coronation festivities: «The illumination of Moscow during the past coronation made an extremely beautiful picture. The Kremlin was particularly great looking at this picture as it was decorated by thousand lights with very good taste and elegance. Only using electric force, it was possible to decorate with lights spires and eagles of the Kremlin towers, a dome and a cross of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower. The bulbs were placed even on the clock of the Spassky Tower, and hands moved together with the bulbs fixed on them. For that illumination, the Moscow branch of the Society for Electric Illumination provided the electric power of 3,000 amperes and 170 volts, at a special rate, to supply the power to 12,000 filament lamps and 11 Mangin floodlights, and have been spent 8,553.5 sazhens (about 18,250 m) of a naked cable weighing 957 puds (about 15.5 tons) for the network of the main lines. The signal to start illumination of the Kremlin was the presentation to the Empress of a bouquet of roses with the filament lamps hidden in it, which were connected to a chain of electric wires leading to the Ivan the Great Bell Tower».